Ohio Marijuana Laws: Is Marijuana Legal in Ohio?

Possession of marijuana is illegal in Ohio. Currently, there is a bill working its way through Ohio’s legislative process that, if passed, would legalize medical marijuana. However, despite polls showing that Ohio residents are strongly in favor of legalizing medicinal marijuana, the bill is not expected to be approved by the legislature. Even if medicinal marijuana were made legal according to Ohio state law, it would still be illegal under federal law. Note that marijuana is spelled “marihuana” in all Ohio statutes.

What are the Penalties for the Possession of Marijuana in Ohio?

Ohio’s marijuana possession penalties are some of the most lenient in the country when it comes to personal use amounts. As long as you possess 100 grams or less, Ohio marijuana possession does not even go on your criminal record. However, this leniency does not carry through to cases of marijuana distribution or for possession of amounts over 100 grams. Unlike many other states, Ohio’s penalties are based entirely on weight rather than number of plants, and if you are convicted of distribution or possession of more than 100 grams, penalties in Ohio can include incarceration, fines, and marijuana addiction treatment. It is also worth noting that possession of synthetic forms of marijuana (tetrahydrocannabinols) or concentrated marijuana (hashish) will often warrant stiffer penalties than possession of organic marijuana. However, the substance known as K2, which attempts to imitate the effects of marijuana, is still legal in Ohio.

In order to be charged with attempted distribution of marijuana in Ohio, you do not have to be caught in the act of selling it. On the contrary, possessing a large amount of marijuana, measuring equipment, baggies, or other paraphernalia is evidence that suggests your intent to sell. The table below indicates Ohio penalties for acts related to the possession and distribution of marijuana. Keep in mind that there are separate penalties under federal law. Due to the sometimes complicated nature of Ohio’s marijuana laws, specific penalties (particularly minimum sentences) could vary depending on your particular circumstances, so consulting an experienced Ohio criminal attorney may be the best way to go.

Ohio Marijuana Penalties Table

Activity

Amount

Incarceration

Fine (max)1

Classification 3

Possess
or Cultivate

100 g or less 5

 

$150 2

Minor Misdemeanor

100 g to 200 g

Regular

30 days max

$250

Misdemeanor (4th Degree)

Near school or minor 5

60 days max

$500

Misdemeanor (3rd Degree)

200 g to 1,000 g

Regular

1 year max

$2,500

Felony (5th Degree)

Near school or minor 5

18 months

$5,000

Felony (4th Degree)

1,000 g to 20,000 g

Regular

5 years max 4

$10,000

Felony (3th Degree)

Near school or minor 5

2-8 years

$15,000

Felony (2nd Degree)

20,000 g or more

Regular

8 years

$15,000

Felony (2nd Degree)

Near school or minor 5

10 years

$20,000

Felony (1st Degree)

Sale or Gift

Gift of 20 g or less

1st Offense 5

 

$150 2

Minor Misdemeanor

2nd Offense

60 days

$500

Misdemeanor (3rd Degree)

Less than 200 g 5

1 year max

$2,500

Felony (5th Degree)

200 g to 1,000 g 5

18 months

$5,000

Felony (4th Degree)

1,000 g to 20,000 g 5

5 years max 4

$10,000

Felony (3th Degree)

20,000 g or more

Regular

8 years

$15,000

Felony (2nd Degree)

Near school or minor 5

10 years

$20,000

Felony (1st Degree)

  1. Fines may be increased in certain circumstances.
  2. Community service may be imposed in lieu of a fine.
  3. Minor misdemeanors do not go on your criminal record.
  4. At 5,000 grams or above, the chances of serving at least a 1 year prison sentence are greater.
  5. Ohio Marijuana cultivation and distribution offenses committed within the vicinity of a school or minor result in enhanced penalties. The enhanced penalty does not apply to possession offenses. If there is no penalty designated on the table for offenses committed “near school or minor,” the next greater penalty on the table is applied.

Follow this link for more information about Ohio Marijuana Laws and Ohio Medical Marijuana Laws